Organic production methods
Organic farming is a production system that favours renewable resources and recycling, by restoring the nutrients present in waste products to the soil. The farming techniques used promote and exploit natural mechanisms to maximise crop harvests and control disease and harmful insects, avoiding the use of synthetic chemical plant products, herbicides, fertilisers, growth hormones, antibiotics and genetic manipulation.
Organic farmers using specific production techniques help to maintain ecosystems and reduce pollution by promoting the plants’ natural ability to create a balance with the environment and the territory.
The basic aims and principles of organic production
Organic farming should be considered an essential part of the sustainable agriculture system and as a valid alternative to more traditional types of farming. Since the introduction of the EU organic farming regulations in 1992, an increasing number of businesses in Italy have switched to this system, in response to growing consumer awareness of the products obtained using organic techniques and the consequent increase in demand for this type of product.
The main principles of organic farming are: the safeguarding of the environment and the wholesomeness and quality of products. The natural consequence is the protection of the health of consumers and workers.
To guarantee the authenticity of organic farming techniques, a number of regulations have been adopted, to create a global reference framework embracing all organic crops and livestock, as well as the labelling, processing and sale of this type of product. These regulations also govern the importation of organic products into the EU.
Organic farming is governed by EC regulation 834/07, defining the technical production rules, the products that can be used for the defence, fertilising, preparation and preservation of goods and the standards for labelling organic farming products.
Genetically-modified organisms (GMOs) and products obtained using them are explicitly excluded from organic farming practices.
How to recognise organic products
For the consumer, the guarantee of purchasing an organic farming product is on the label.
The label of organic products must include the following indications:
– the European Union’s organic production logo;
– the name of the authorised control body;
– the caption “Control body authorised by MIPAAF” with the code of the certifying body (e.g. IT BIO 009)
– the code of the controlled business;
– indication of the origin of the starting materials (EU/ non-EU);
Consumer fears fuelled by food scandals and technological developments such as genetic modification and food irradiation have led to serious food safety concerns and a growing demand for guarantees of quality and further information on production methods.
There has also been an increase in the public’s awareness of the irreversible damage to the environment caused by practices that pollute the soil and water, waste natural resources and destroy delicate ecosystems and there have been calls for a more responsible attitude towards our natural heritage.
Therefore, organic farming, which was once considered a completely marginal component that sought to satisfy the needs of a niche market, is now a method of farming that, in addition to guaranteeing the production of safe food, is also environmentally friendly.
With this in mind, for years Naturattiva has striven to follow all the principles of organic farming, in order to bring its consumers wholesome non-dairy products that respect the environment and nature.